My name is Frieda Berryhill

From Wilmington, Delaware


My statement July 14,2010 concerning New Jersey’s Emergency evacuation plan.


I would like to address my statement to a letter sent to all attendees of the 2009 Public Hearings.

 New Jersey Radiological Emergency Response Plan , Department of Environmental Protection

Division of Environmental Safety and Health

November 2, 2009


This letter, signed by Dr. Jill Lipoti , Director, and addresses my repeated statements that Salem and Hope Creek are built on dredge spoils without rock  foundation. The letter asks for a


“Public Hearing Response Document”


The responder is not identified but from the answers I conclude it was PSEG


First question:


The assumption that Salem is drilled into bedrock ? Wouldn’t mind if that discrepancy was cleared up.



Vincentown  formation provides excellent foundation support for Salem. Vincentown formation is located some 70ft below grade.

 (Just as I always said , the depth of the cement pilings)



Since Artificial Island is built on dredge spoils and because the pilings do not reach bedrock have there been any studies done on liquefaction due to earthquakes .


Vincentown formation is completely adequate to support the load.

( The formation consists of medium to coarse-grained arkosic quartz sand )  That’s all.

Here the respondent compares the Salem Plants to the soil conditions  at Niigata Japan where an earthquake hit the

Kashiwazaki-Kariwa plants in 1964. Apparently the respondent was totally ignorant of the facts.

First : Ishabashi Katsuhiko, Professor at the Research Center for Urban Safety and Security of the Kobe University stated: I was  a member of the expert panel that developed the new seismic design guidelines , but I resigned during the final stage of the work to protest the panel’s  stance on the issue.

This is certainly not a good case to present .

Evidently, I expect no resignation here, even though the ground at Niigata was of questionable consistency it does not compare to ARTIFICIAL Island


Another quake hit the area on July 16, 2007 which shut down the plants. Not without spilling radioactive material through all its broken pipes.


The last sentence from this respondent is extraordinary :

“It was concluded that the power block and intake structure are safe from  sliding  even if the surrounding soil is completely liquefied “

Gentlemen, what an extraordinary statement in view of the fact that Salem’s spent fuel pools are filled. Currently, reactor spent fuel pools on average  hold 5-10 times more long-lived radioactivity than the reactor core. One crack in the spent fuel pools  can be devastating. Salem is going to dry cask  storage. 20ft high steel containers encased in concrete, Will they remain standing ?

Lets make no mistake, dry-cask storage does not eliminate the pools. The rods still must cool for several year before they can be moved to dry-cask


You have held these hearings for years, I attended every one. I know you understand the problems and I am convinced that you have a clear understanding of what is at stake . You know that the last NRC ‘s report Crac-2 estimated the death and injured in case of an accident at Salem in the tens of thousands and   damages of property for Salem1 $130 Billion  m Salem 2 $135 billion

WHY IS IT THEN that you can   not answer questions posed by people who come here looking for answers ?

Example, copied from the transcript in

Cumberland County, Question by Dr. Mangano:

11   to question four.  Because Artificial Island 
12   is an artificial island built on dredge 
13   spoils, and because the foundation and 
14   pilings for Salem/Hope Creek do not reach 
15   bedrock, have there been any studies done on 
16   liquefaction due to earthquakes?  And I 
17   believe we're going to have to get back to 
18   you on that one, too.  
19                 MR. MANGANO:  Okay.
20                 MR. MULLIGAN:  Yeah, we're 
21   going to have to look at studies.  We'll have 
22   to take a look at that.
23                 MR. MANGANO:  All right.
24                 MR. MULLIGAN:  I'm not sure.  
 1   Liquefaction is a phenomenon of sand.  I'd 
 2   have to take a look at dredge spills.  I 
 3   don't know that it's quite the same, but 
 4   we'll take a look at the engineering 
5            reports.  I'm sure they're out there.
Yes they are out there, have been for more then 40 years in the documents !
35 ft mud and sand
35 ft gravel and sand
35 ft Vincentown formation. Borings to 100 ft reach no rock.
You can not verify this after all these years ON RECORD ?
And again, hearings in Salem County
Example from the transcript:


> 21   Nancy Willing, W-I-L-L-I-N-G.  I'm just a

> 22   little concerned with the

> discrepancy.

> 23   Mr. Mulligan, is that his name?

> We had

> 24   spoken, chatted earlier and he is under the

> 0056

>  1   assumption that Salem is drilled into

>  2   bedrock, but we have Freda who says she


>  3   investigated it at length and then we have

>  4   Jane verifying that it is not in

> bedrock.  So

>  5   maybe -- I wouldn't -- wouldn't mind that if

>  6   that discrepancy was cleared up,

> especially

>  7   if you're thinking about adding onto Salem.

>  8

>    MR. MULLIGAN:  We'll get back

>  9   to you on that.

> 10

>    MS. WILLING:  Thank you so

> 11   much.  You do have my

> address.  I would like

> 12   an answer to that question.

> 13

>    MR. MULLIGAN:  Absolutely 



Why ?? Shouldn’t you be able by this time, after all these years to answer this ON RECORD ?

 It is my understanding that Mr Mulligan did answer, sometime later in a letter stating that in fact I was right. Again: Off the record !!!!


Changing the subject

As if we did not have enough to worry about :

PSEG is proposing to produce Cobalt 60 at its Hope Creek plant.  The ONLY nuclear POWER plant to do so . Cobalt 60 heretofore is produced by companies design for that purpose. PSEG will insert cobalt 50 rods into the same rod assembly to make cobalt 60.

The dangers are clearly described in a letter to the NRC by the Union of Concerned Scientists.

My personal concern however is the fact that granting this request makes  PSEG a profit making enterprise  (aside from producing electricity) which protects the Company from disclosing “proprietary information “

NRC released the news of PSEG’s  request for “Withholding  information from Public Disclosure “


This brings to mind the question : Where will PSEG hold the line as to what should be public knowledge ? Who will decide ?


God willing I will see you next year

Frieda Beryhill


From the Wilmington News Journal

Nuclear growth puts region at risk  Please read 40.000 people live in the EPZ (ten mile zone) in Delaware
No region in America has so many people living within the overlapping, 50-mile planning areas of so many nuclear power reactors as northern Delaware and nearby areas in Pennsylvania, New Jersey and Maryland.”

Nuclear growth puts region at risk  Wilmington News Journal